Male Infertility

Male Infertility

Male infertility refers to any health problem in a male that lessens the possibility of his female partner becoming pregnant and conceiving a child. About 1 in 7 couples is assessed to be sterile, which signifies they failed to conceive a baby even after having unprotected, regular sex for a year or more than that. In half of such couples, male infertility is believed to be a partial cause. Male infertility can be engendered by low production of sperms, irregular sperm function, or stoppages that obstruct sperm delivery. Diseases, wounds, chronic health conditions, lifestyle preferences, and different elements can also lead to male infertility. The incapability to conceive an infant can be frustrating and traumatic; however, several treatments are there for male infertility.

Causes of Male Infertility

There are various multiple causes of male infertility including:

Medical causes

Several health problems and medical therapies can be associated with male fertility.

  • Varicocele
  • Infection
  • Ejaculation problems
  • Antibodies that harm sperms
  • Tumours
  • Undescended testicles
  • Imbalance of hormones
  • Deficiencies of tubules that transport sperm
  • Chromosome deficiencies
  • Difficulties with sexual intercourse
  • Celiac disease
  • Specific medicines
  • Previous surgeries.

Environmental causes

Excessive exposure to specific environmental elements like chemicals, heat, and toxins can decrease the production of sperm or their function. Typical causes comprise:

  • Industrial chemicals.
  • Heavy metal exposure
  • X-rays or Radiation
  • Overheating the testicles

Lifestyle, Health, and other causes

  • Drug application
  • Alcohol usage
  • Tobacco/smoking
  • Weight.

Symptoms of Male Infertility

The primary symptom of male infertility is the incapability to conceive a baby. In a few instances, fundamental complications like an inherited disease, imbalance of hormones, enlarged veins nearby the testicle, or a disease that stops the sperm passage induce symptoms.

Symptoms people might see comprise:

  • Difficulties while sex — for instance, a problem with ejaculation or minimal amounts of fluid ejaculated, lessened sexual urge, or problem keeping an erection
  • Discomfort, bulging, or swelling in the testicle part
  • Respiratory infections that recur
  • Incapacity to smell
  • Gynecomastia
  • Sperm count that is lower than average.

Complications Associated With Male Infertility

Complications associated with male infertility comprise:

  • Anxiety and relationship problems associated with the incapability to conceive a baby
  • Depression
  • Guilt
  • Anger
  • Disappointment
  • Costly and complicated sex practices
  • More hazards of melanoma, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer.

Diagnosis & Treatment of Male Infertility

Male fertility causes can be challenging to diagnose. The difficulties are usually with the production of sperms or delivery. Diagnosis begins with a complete history and physical test. Your doctor or health care professional might also do semen tests and blood work.

Other ways of diagnosis include:

Treatment usually relies on the cause of infertility. Most of the complications can be cured with surgery or medications. It will permit conception through regular/normal sex. The treatments for male infertility are given below and are divided into 3 categories:

  • Non-surgical treatment for Male Infertility
  • Surgical Treatment for Male Infertility
  • Treatment for Anonymous Causes of Male Infertility

Non-surgical treatment alternatives for Male Infertility include:

  • Anejaculation (dry ejaculate)
  • Anejaculation (dry ejaculate)
  • Rectal probe electroejaculation
  • Penile vibratory stimulation.

Surgical Treatment Alternatives for Male Infertility

There are various multiple surgical treatment alternatives available to treat male infertility and they include:

  • Varicocele Treatments
  • Azoospermia Treatments
  • Microsurgical Vasovasostomy
  • Vasoepididymostomy
  • Transurethral Resection of the Ejaculatory Duct (TURED)
  • Treatment for Unknown Causes of Male Infertility
  • Assisted Reproductive Techniques
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI).
  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
  • Sperm Retrieval for ART.

Foods/Diets To Follow After The Treatment of Male Infertility

There are several nutrients you can include in your diet that will also help in sperm count, morphology/DNA quality, and motility. Foods/diets to follow in male infertility include:

  • Nuts
  • Spinach and different leafy greens
  • Lean meats
  • Omega 3’s
  • Male Fertility Supplements.